Grafting mango trees is a fantastic way to enhance their growth and productivity. In this video guide, you’ll learn the latest techniques to successfully graft five mango trees, ensuring they grow fast and produce abundant fruit. Follow these easy steps to become an expert in mango grafting.

1. Gather Your Materials

Before you start, make sure you have all the necessary materials:

  • Sharp Grafting Knife: For making precise cuts.
  • Grafting Tape or Rubber Bands: To secure the grafts.
  • Rootstock and Scions: Choose healthy, disease-free rootstocks and scions.
  • Pruning Shears: For trimming and preparing the trees.
  • Grafting Wax or Sealant: To protect the grafts from drying out.

2. Selecting Rootstock and Scions

Choose the best rootstock and scions for grafting:

  • Rootstock: Select vigorous, disease-resistant rootstock that is compatible with the mango scions.
  • Scions: Choose scions from healthy mango trees with desirable fruit qualities. Each scion should have at least 2-3 buds.

3. Preparing the Rootstock

Prepare the rootstock for grafting:

  • Cut the Rootstock: Make a clean, diagonal cut on the rootstock at the desired height, usually about 2-3 feet from the ground.
  • Clean the Area: Ensure the cut area is clean and free of debris.

4. Preparing the Scions

Prepare your scions for grafting:

  • Trim the Scions: Cut the scions to about 6-8 inches long, ensuring each has 2-3 buds.
  • Make a Diagonal Cut: Make a matching diagonal cut on the base of each scion to ensure they fit snugly with the rootstock.

5. Grafting Process

Follow these steps to graft the scions onto the rootstock:

  • Join the Scion and Rootstock: Align the cuts on the scion and rootstock so the cambium layers (the green layer just under the bark) match up.
  • Secure the Graft: Use grafting tape or rubber bands to tightly bind the scion and rootstock together.
  • Seal the Graft: Apply grafting wax or sealant to protect the graft from drying out and to prevent infection.

6. Care for the Grafted Trees

Proper care is crucial for the success of your grafted mango trees:

  • Watering: Keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged. Water regularly, especially during dry periods.
  • Protection: Shield the grafted area from extreme weather and pests. You can use a plastic bag or grafting tape to cover the graft until it heals.
  • Monitoring: Check the grafts regularly to ensure they are healing properly and that no pests or diseases are present.

7. Pruning and Training

Help your grafted mango trees grow strong and healthy:

  • Pruning: Remove any shoots or branches that emerge below the graft to direct energy to the scion.
  • Training: Train the young trees to develop a strong structure by pruning and shaping them as they grow.

8. Using the Latest Techniques

Enhance your grafting success with these advanced techniques:

  • Topworking: If you have an existing mango tree, consider topworking, which involves grafting new scions onto the branches of the mature tree to change the variety or improve fruit quality.
  • Approach Grafting: This technique involves bringing two trees together and grafting them while both are still attached to their roots. This can increase the chances of successful grafting and quicker establishment.

9. Patience and Harvesting

Be patient as your grafted mango trees grow:

  • Growth Time: Grafted mango trees typically start bearing fruit within 2-3 years.
  • Harvesting: Harvest the mangoes when they are fully colored and slightly soft to the touch. Twist them gently off the tree to avoid damage.

10. Enjoy the Fruits of Your Labor

Once your grafted mango trees start producing fruit, you can enjoy:

  • Fresh Mangoes: Eat them fresh as a healthy snack.
  • Recipes: Use them in smoothies, salads, desserts, and savory dishes.
  • Preservation: Preserve your mangoes by drying, freezing, or making jams and chutneys.

By following these steps and using the latest grafting techniques, you can grow five mango trees that will thrive and produce delicious fruit. Happy grafting!