Grafting roses is a traditional technique used by gardeners to propagate desired rose varieties and ensure strong, healthy growth. However, it can often seem daunting for beginners due to the intricate nature of the process. Fortunately, there’s a new and simplified method of grafting roses that makes the process much more accessible. Here’s how to do it:

Materials Needed:

  • Rootstock rose plant (the base onto which you’ll graft)
  • Scion (the part of the desired rose variety that you’ll graft onto the rootstock)
  • Sharp grafting knife or utility knife
  • Grafting tape or rubber bands
  • Rooting hormone (optional)

Step-by-Step Guide:

1. Select Your Rootstock: Choose a healthy and vigorous rose plant to serve as the rootstock. Look for a plant with a strong root system and sturdy stems.

2. Prepare the Rootstock: Trim the rootstock plant to remove any excess growth and ensure a clean, straight stem for grafting. Make a diagonal cut at the top of the stem to create a fresh surface for grafting.

3. Prepare the Scion: Select a healthy stem from the desired rose variety (scion). Choose a stem with several leaf nodes and a diameter similar to that of the rootstock stem. Make a diagonal cut at the bottom of the scion to match the angle of the rootstock cut.

4. Graft the Scion onto the Rootstock: Carefully make a matching diagonal cut at the top of the rootstock stem and the bottom of the scion stem. Ensure that the cuts align perfectly to create a snug fit when joined together. Insert the scion into the rootstock, making sure the cambium layers (the green inner layers) of both stems line up.

5. Secure the Graft: Use grafting tape or rubber bands to tightly bind the scion to the rootstock. Wrap the tape or bands around the grafting point several times to hold the stems firmly in place. Ensure that the grafting point is protected from drying out.

6. Apply Rooting Hormone (Optional): If desired, you can dip the cut ends of the scion and rootstock in rooting hormone powder before grafting. This can help stimulate root growth and improve the success rate of the graft.

7. Provide Care: Place the grafted rose plant in a location with bright, indirect sunlight. Keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged. Monitor the grafting point regularly for signs of healing and new growth.

8. Monitor and Prune: As the graft heals and new growth emerges, monitor the plant for any signs of stress or disease. Prune away any unwanted growth or suckers that may emerge from the rootstock.

9. Transplanting: Once the graft has successfully taken and the plant is established, you can transplant it into its permanent location in the garden or container.

10. Enjoy Your Grafted Roses: With proper care and attention, your grafted roses will grow into beautiful, blooming plants that showcase the best characteristics of both the rootstock and scion varieties. Sit back, relax, and enjoy the stunning blooms of your newly grafted roses!

By following this simplified method of rose grafting, you can successfully propagate and grow your favorite rose varieties with ease. Happy grafting!