Propagating guava trees from cuttings is a simple and cost-effective way to expand your fruit orchard or grow new trees for your garden. With just a few basic supplies and some patience, you can successfully propagate guava trees and enjoy delicious fruit in no time. Here’s how to do it:

What You’ll Need:

  • Healthy guava cuttings (6-8 inches long)
  • Pruning shears or sharp knife
  • Rooting hormone powder or gel
  • Potting mix or soil
  • Small pots or containers
  • Plastic bags or propagation dome
  • Watering can or spray bottle

Step-by-Step Guide:

  1. Selecting Cuttings: Start by selecting healthy guava cuttings from a mature and disease-free tree. Choose branches that are about 6 to 8 inches long and have several sets of leaves. Avoid using branches with flowers or fruits, as they may hinder root development.
  2. Preparation: Using clean pruning shears or a sharp knife, make a clean, diagonal cut at the bottom of each cutting, just below a node. Nodes are the points on the stem where leaves emerge. Remove any leaves from the lower half of the cutting to reduce moisture loss and encourage root development.
  3. Applying Rooting Hormone: Dip the bottom end of each cutting into rooting hormone powder or gel, ensuring that the entire cut surface is coated. Rooting hormone helps stimulate root growth and increases the chances of successful propagation.
  4. Planting Cuttings: Fill small pots or containers with well-draining potting mix or soil. Make a hole in the soil using a pencil or your finger, and insert the bottom end of each cutting into the hole. Gently press the soil around the cutting to hold it in place.
  5. Watering: Water the soil around the cuttings thoroughly to settle it and provide moisture. Avoid overwatering, as excessive moisture can lead to rotting. Keep the soil evenly moist but not waterlogged throughout the rooting process.
  6. Creating Humidity: To create a humid environment conducive to root development, cover the pots or containers with plastic bags or a propagation dome. This helps retain moisture around the cuttings and promotes successful rooting. Ventilate the covering periodically to prevent mold growth.
  7. Placement: Place the pots or containers in a warm, bright location with indirect sunlight. Avoid placing them in direct sunlight, as this can cause the cuttings to wilt or become stressed. A warm, shaded area is ideal for rooting guava cuttings.
  8. Monitoring Growth: Check the cuttings regularly for signs of root growth, which typically occurs within 4 to 6 weeks under optimal conditions. Gently tug on the base of the cutting to feel for resistance, indicating the presence of roots.
  9. Transplanting: Once the cuttings have developed a healthy root system, carefully transplant them into larger pots or directly into the garden. Ensure that the planting site has well-draining soil and receives plenty of sunlight for optimal growth.
  10. Providing Care: Water the newly transplanted cuttings regularly to keep the soil evenly moist. Fertilize them with a balanced fertilizer according to the manufacturer’s instructions to promote healthy growth. Prune the plants as needed to maintain shape and encourage branching.

By following these simple steps, you can successfully propagate guava trees from cuttings and enjoy a bountiful harvest of delicious fruit. With a little patience and care, you’ll soon have thriving guava trees to enjoy in your garden or orchard. Happy propagating!