Growing a mango tree from a seed can be a rewarding and enjoyable process. Here’s a step-by-step guide for beginners:

Materials Needed:

  1. Fresh mango fruit
  2. Sharp knife
  3. Paper towel or napkin
  4. Plastic wrap
  5. Potting mix
  6. Small pots or containers
  7. Watering can or spray bottle
  8. Warm, sunny location

Steps:

  1. Choose a Ripe Mango: Select a ripe mango from a local grocery store or farmer’s market. Make sure it’s a variety that is suitable for your climate if you plan to plant it outdoors eventually.
  2. Extract the Seed:
    • Cut the mango along its length, avoiding the pit.
    • Remove the seed (large, flat, and oval) from the flesh. Clean off any remaining fruit.
  3. Prepare the Seed:
    • Allow the seed to air dry for a day or two.
    • You can also remove the outer husk carefully, revealing the inner seed.
  4. Germination:
    • Place the seed on a damp paper towel or napkin.
    • Fold the towel over the seed and place it in a plastic bag or wrap it in plastic wrap.
  5. Warm and Moist Environment:
    • Keep the wrapped seed in a warm place, around 77-86°F (25-30°C). This helps in germination.
    • Check the paper towel regularly, keeping it moist but not waterlogged.
  6. Wait for Sprouting:
    • After a few weeks, the seed should start to sprout. Once it has a healthy root system and a small shoot, it’s ready for planting.
  7. Planting in Pots:
    • Fill small pots or containers with a well-draining potting mix.
    • Plant the sprouted seed vertically with the shoot above the soil surface.
  8. Watering:
    • Keep the soil consistently moist, but not waterlogged.
    • Use a watering can or a spray bottle to water gently.
  9. Provide Sunlight:
    • Place the pots in a sunny location. Mango trees love sunlight.
    • If growing indoors, make sure the plant receives plenty of sunlight or use artificial grow lights.
  10. Transplanting:
    • Once the mango seedling is a few inches tall and has several sets of leaves, you can transplant it to a larger pot or directly into the ground if the weather is suitable.
  11. Care and Maintenance:
    • Fertilize the mango tree with a balanced fertilizer every few weeks during the growing season.
    • Prune the tree as needed to encourage a strong structure.
  12. Patience is Key:
    • Growing a mango tree from seed takes time. It may take several years before the tree bears fruit, and the fruit produced may not be identical to the parent mango.

Remember that growing a mango tree from seed doesn’t guarantee the same quality of fruit as the parent tree. For consistent and specific fruit characteristics, it’s better to propagate through grafting or other asexual methods.