Growing cabbage in fresh plastic bottles is a creative and cost-effective way to have a small space garden. Here’s a step-by-step guide to help you grow cabbage using plastic bottles:

Materials Needed:

  1. Plastic Bottles: Use clean, empty plastic bottles with lids. Larger bottles, like 2-liter soda bottles or gallon-sized water bottles, work well.
  2. Utility Knife or Scissors: For cutting and shaping the plastic bottles.
  3. Potting Mix: Choose a high-quality potting mix suitable for vegetables.
  4. Cabbage Seeds or Seedlings: You can start cabbage from seeds or purchase young seedlings.
  5. Watering Can or Spray Bottle: For watering the plants.
  6. Fertilizer (Optional): A balanced fertilizer suitable for vegetables.


  1. Prepare the Plastic Bottles:
    • Remove labels and clean the plastic bottles thoroughly. Use a utility knife or scissors to cut the bottles horizontally around the middle, leaving the top part with the cap as a cover.
  2. Create Drainage Holes:
    • Make small drainage holes in the bottom of each bottle to prevent waterlogging.
  3. Fill Bottles with Potting Mix:
    • Fill each bottle with potting mix, leaving a small space at the top. Press down on the soil gently to remove air pockets.
  4. Planting Cabbage Seeds or Seedlings:
    • Plant cabbage seeds or transplant seedlings into each bottle. If starting from seeds, follow the recommended planting depth on the seed packet.
  5. Watering:
    • Water the soil thoroughly after planting. Keep the soil consistently moist, but avoid overwatering.
  6. Fertilizing (Optional):
    • If using a potting mix without added fertilizer, you can supplement with a balanced fertilizer according to the package instructions.
  7. Place in a Sunny Location:
    • Position the bottles in a sunny location where they receive at least 6-8 hours of direct sunlight daily.
  8. Protect from Harsh Elements:
    • Protect the young cabbage plants from strong winds, heavy rain, or extreme temperatures by placing the bottles in a sheltered area if necessary.
  9. Harvesting:
    • Cabbage is ready for harvest when the heads are firm and reach the desired size. Harvest by cutting the head from the stem with a sharp knife.
  10. Reuse or Recycle:
    • After harvesting, you can either reuse the bottles for another planting or recycle them.


  • To create a mini-greenhouse effect, you can leave the cap on the bottle to retain humidity, especially when the plants are young.
  • Check the soil moisture regularly and adjust your watering schedule accordingly.

By repurposing plastic bottles for growing cabbage, you can save costs and create a simple and compact garden. This method is particularly suitable for those with limited space or those looking for an eco-friendly way to utilize plastic waste. Adjust the size and number of bottles based on your available space and preferences.