Turning plastic waste into a garden and growing fresh cabbage on the balcony is a sustainable and creative approach. Here’s a simple technique to achieve this:

Materials Needed:

  1. Plastic Containers or Bottles: Collect used plastic containers or bottles of various sizes.
  2. Scissors or Utility Knife: To cut and shape the plastic containers.
  3. High-Quality Potting Mix: Choose a well-draining potting mix suitable for vegetables.
  4. Cabbage Seeds or Seedlings: Purchase high-quality cabbage seeds or seedlings from a nursery.
  5. Watering Can or Hose: For regular watering.
  6. Liquid Fertilizer: Choose a balanced liquid fertilizer suitable for vegetables.
  7. Mulch: Organic mulch to conserve moisture and regulate soil temperature.


  1. Collecting Plastic Containers:
    • Gather used plastic containers or bottles of different sizes. Ensure they are clean and free of any residue.
  2. Cutting and Shaping Containers:
    • Use scissors or a utility knife to cut the plastic containers into suitable sizes for planting. Consider larger containers for growing cabbage.
  3. Creating Drainage Holes:
    • Make drainage holes in the bottom of each plastic container to prevent waterlogging. Use a nail or the tip of scissors to create several holes.
  4. Filling Containers with Potting Mix:
    • Fill each plastic container with a well-draining potting mix, leaving about an inch from the top to prevent soil spillage when watering.
  5. Planting Cabbage:
    • Plant cabbage seeds or seedlings in the center of each plastic container. Follow the recommended spacing on the seed packet or nursery recommendations.
  6. Watering:
    • Water the cabbage plants thoroughly after planting. Ensure that the soil stays consistently moist, as cabbage prefers even soil moisture.
  7. Fertilization:
    • Feed the cabbage plants with a balanced liquid fertilizer every 2-3 weeks or according to the fertilizer’s instructions. Cabbage benefits from a nutrient-rich environment.
  8. Mulching:
    • Apply a layer of organic mulch around the base of the cabbage plants in the plastic containers. Mulch helps retain soil moisture, suppress weeds, and regulate soil temperature.
  9. Sunlight Requirements:
    • Place the plastic containers in a location that receives full sun. Cabbage prefers at least 6 hours of sunlight per day.
  10. Thinning (If Necessary):
    • If the cabbage plants are overcrowded, thin them to provide enough space for proper growth.
  11. Pest Management:
    • Keep an eye out for pests such as aphids or cabbage worms. Use organic pest control methods to manage infestations.
  12. Harvesting:
    • Harvest cabbage heads when they reach the desired size and have a firm texture. Cut the heads from the plant using a sharp knife.
  13. Continuous Planting:
    • Consider succession planting to ensure a continuous harvest. Start new cabbage plants in additional plastic containers every few weeks.
  14. Decorative Display:
    • Arrange the plastic containers in a creative and decorative way on your balcony, turning them into a visually appealing garden display.
  15. Educational Signage:
    • Add educational signage or labels to your balcony garden, highlighting the eco-friendly aspect of repurposing plastic waste.

By following these steps, you can turn plastic waste into a beautiful balcony garden and grow fresh cabbage. This not only promotes sustainability but also provides a unique and visually appealing way to cultivate vegetables in limited space. Adjust the care routine based on your specific balcony conditions and the cabbage variety you choose.